DSCT-Dual Energy Head and Neck CTA

SOMATOM Definition Dual Energy CTA

F. Civaia MD, P;Rossi MD, Stéphane Rusek, Physician Centre Cardio Thoracique de Monaco (CCM) Monte Carlo, Monaco |  2007-11-19

History

An 82 year old female patient was referred to Cardio Thoracic Center Monaco to confirm and to study the nature and the severity of a plaque on the left internal carotid artery via CTA.

 

Diagnosis
An occlusion of the left common carotid artery is observed while viewing the dataset. With the DE technique it was possible to visualize the region of the carotid bifurcation with the different plaque components. The direct subtraction of bone without user interaction gives virtual real time display of the whole cerebral vasculature. The patient was referred for further interventional procedure.

 

Comments
In the dual energy mode two x-ray sources can be operated simultaneously at different kV levels. One of the results is that the plaque composition can be better determined and calcified plaques can be separated from intra luminal contrast.
 

Fig: Severe stenosis in left common carotid artery, viewing direction posterior anterior. Visualisation technique syngo Dual Energy Head Bone Removal.
 

Fig: Severe calcification in left common carotid artery. Visualisation technique syngo Dual Energy Hardplaque.

Examination Protocol

Scanner SOMATOM Definition
Scan time 9 s
Tube voltage A/B 140 kV and 80 kV
Tube current A/B 60 mAs and 230 mAs
Rotation Time 0.5 s
Slice Collimation 0.6 mm
Slice Width 0.75 mm
Pitch 0.7
Contrast Material Ultravist®
Contrast material volume 50 ml
Flow rate 3 ml/s
Saline chaser bolus 50 ml, 3 ml/s
Iodine delivery rate 1.1 g/s

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