Women and Renal Disease
Risk Factors for Kidney Disease1
Kidney disease is a complex problem. Chronic kidney disease is usually caused by another medical condition. Primary risk factors for kidney disease include diabetes and hypertension, cardiovascular disease, a family history of kidney disease, age greater than 60 years, and ethnicity.
Secondary kidney-disease risk factors include unhealthy diet, obesity, autoimmune diseases, urinary-tract infections, systemic infections, and kidney loss, damage, injury, or infection.
1Levey AS, et al. Chronic kidney disease as a global public health problem: approaches and initiatives – a position statement from Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO). International Society of Nephrology. 2007. Available from: http://www.Kidney-international.org